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Физика плазмы и термоядерного синтеза

Самоорганизация плазмы при развитии двухпотоковой неустойчивости в замагниченной плазме (M.Oppenheim, D.L.Newman, and M.V.Goldman, Phys.Rev.Lett.83, 2344 (1999))

Физика горячей плазмы, как новая область науки, зародилась во второй половине прошлого века благодаря идее управляемого термоядерного синтеза, с которой связывалась надежда на довольно быстрое внедрение термоядерной энергетики, причем рождение этого направления, что весьма нетипично, связано именно с «неуспехами» практической реализации управляемого термоядерного синтеза. Сложность проблемы овладения термоядерной энергией в мирных целях была явно недооценена. В плазме проявлялось огромное количество неустойчивостей, она вела себя как сильно нелинейная среда, в ней формировались самосогласованные структуры, наблюдались процессы, не вписывающиеся в классические представления, и т.п.

Потребовались многие десятилетия фундаментальных исследований, чтобы приблизиться к пониманию многообразных плазменных явлений. Это привело к тому, что зародившись как частное, практическое направление, физика горячей плазмы в своей базисной части трансформировалась в самостоятельное направление теоретической физики. Сильный импульс ее развитию придала идея инерциального управляемого термоядерного синтеза на основе лазера (управляемый лазерный термоядерный синтез – УЛТС). Помимо собственных самосогласованных плазменных полей потребовался учет греющего лазерного поля, существенно обогатившего электродинамику и кинетику плазмы.

Наряду с общими нелинейно-плазменными задачами, разработка фундаментальных теоретических основ для УЛТС является важным направлением исследований. Актуальность разработки этого направления обусловлена грандиозными УЛТС-установками современности: NIF (National Ignition Facility, USA), LMJ ("Laser Megajoule", France), первая из которых уже оттестирована, а строительство второй вступает в завершающую стадию.

Список публикаций

Работы сотрудников ЦФПИ по физике горячей неравновесной плазмы

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[30] V.Yu.Bychenkov and V.P.Silin, Turbulent heating of a plasma by a current. Sov. J. Plasma Phys., 1986, 12, N7, 463-467.

[31] V.Yu.Bychenkov and V.P.Silin, Heat-transfer limitation as a cause of turbulence in plasma flows. JETP Lett., 1986, 44, N1, 52-55.

[32] L.M.Anosova, V.Yu.Bychenkov, and V.P.Silin, Periodic thermal structures in a turbulent current discharge. Sov. J. Plasma Phys., 1987, 13, N4, 254-258.

[33] V.Yu.Bychenkov and V.P.Silin, Hydrodynamic instability of a plasma with an anomalous transport caused by an ion acoustic turbulence. Sov. J. Plasma Phys., 1987, 13, N9, 632-637.

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[36] V.Yu.Bychenkov, M.O.Koshevoi, M.V.Osipov, A.A.Rupasov, D.V.Shanditsev, A.S. Shikanov, V.P.Silin., G.V.Sklizkov, V.T.Tikhonchuk, and A.A.Zozulja. Investigation of the harmonic generation in plasma on the "Delfin -1" installation. Laser and Particle Beams, 1988, 6 N3, 593-596.

[37] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.P.Silin, and S.A.Uryupin, Ion-acoustic turbulence and anomalous transport. Phys. Rep., 1988, 164, N3, 119-215.

[38] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.P.Silin, and S.A.Uryupin, Anisotropic turbulent heating of ions. Sov. J. Plasma Phys., 1989, 15, N3, 173-176.

[39] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.P.Silin, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Nonlinear waves in anisotropic plasma. Sov. J. Plasma Phys., 1989, 15, N6, 407-412.

[40] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.N.Novikov, V.P.Silin, and S.A.Uryupin, Distribution function and velocity-space flux of electrons in plasma with ion acoustic turbulence. Sov. J. Plasma Phys., 1989, 15, N7, 465-469.

[41] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.P.Silin, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Singular vortex flows in plasmas with anisotropic pressure. Phys. Lett. A, 1989, 138, N3, 127-130.

[42] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.N.Novikov, V.P.Silin, and S.A.Uryupin, Anisotropic ion heating and evolution of the ion-acoustic turbulence spectrum of a plasma in a strong electric field. Sov. J. Plasma Phys., 1989, 15, N12, 847-850.

[43] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.P.Silin, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Two-dimensional vortex structures in an anisotropic plasma. Theor. Math. Physics, 1990, 82, N1, 11-17.

[44] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.P.Silin, and S.A.Uryupin, Basic aspects of the self-consistent theory of plasma ion-acoustic turbulence. Comm. Plasma Phys. and Contr. Fus., 1990 13, N5, 239-252.

[45] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.P.Silin, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Selfconsistent theory of the generation of vortex structures in a plasma with anisotropic pressure under the conditions of the Weibel instability. Sov. Phys. -JETP, 1990, 71, N4, 709-714.

[46] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.N.Novikov, V.P.Silin, and S.A.Uryupin, Two dimensional numerical modeling of the evolution of the electron distribution in a turbulent plasma. Sov. J. Plasma Phys., 1991, 17, N4, 244-248.

[47] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.N.Novikov, V.P.Silin, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Relaxation of a nonequilibrium plasma with an anisotropic electron distribution. Sov. J. Plasma Phys., 1991, 17, N4, 272-277.

[48] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.N.Novikov, and V.P.Silin, Nonlinear relaxation of a plasma with an anisotropic pressure in the VEAH model. Sov. J. Plasma Phys., 1991, 17, N7, 485-488.

[49] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.P.Silin, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Excitation of electromagnetic fields in an inhomogeneous plasma by an anisotropic ionization pulse. Sov. Phys.-JETP, 1991, 73, N2, 241-248.

[50] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.P.Silin, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Electromagnetic radiation emitted by a plasma defined by a pulse of anisotropic ionization. Sov. Phys.-Lebedev Institute Reports, 1991, N10, 30-34.

[51] N.Aleksich, N.E.Andreev, and V.Yu.Bychenkov, Dynamic processes in the generation of quasisteady magnetic fields in a laser plasma. Sov. J. Plasma Phys., 1991, 17, N10, 738-740.

[52] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.N.Novikov, V.P.Silin, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Nonlinear relaxation of the hydrodynamic Weibel instability in collisional plasma. Sov. J. Plasma Phys., 1991, 17, N11, 766-769.

[53] V.Yu.Bychenkov, A.Yu.Romanov, V.P.Silin, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Production of electromagnetic fields in a nonequilibrium plasma created by a pulse of ionizing radiation. Sov. J. Plasma Phys., 1992 18, N7, 452-456.

[54] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.N.Novikov, V.P.Silin, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Generation and nonlinear dynamics of a magnetic pulse in a nonuniform anisotropic plasma. Sov. J. Plasma Phys., 1992, 18, N12, 821-827.

[55] V.Yu.Bychenkov and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Instabilities and generation of electromagnetic waves in plasma produced by a short high-power laser pulse. Laser Physics, 1992, 2, N4, 525-532.

[56] V.Yu.Bychenkov, Magnetic bisolitons in anisotropic plasma, Sov. J. Plasma Phys., 1993, 19, N8, 526-530.

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[58] V.Yu.Bychenkov, Yu.S.Kas'yanov, G.S.Sarkisov, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Mechanisms for magnetic-field generation in laser plasmas. JETP Lett., 1993, 58, N3, 184-189.

[59] V.Yu.Bychenkov and V.N.Novikov, Nonlinear skin-effect caused by ion-sound plasma turbulence. Sov. J. Plasma Phys, 1994, 20, N5, 461-463.

[60] W.Rozmus, V.T.Tikhonchuk, V.Yu.Bychenkov, and C.Capjack, Enhanced ion acoustic fluctuations in laser produced plasmas. Phys. Rev. E, 1994, 50, N5, 4005-4016.

[61] V.Yu.Bychenkov, J.Myatt, W.Rozmus, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Ion acoustic waves in plasmas with collisional electrons. Phys. Rev. E, 1994, 50, N6, 5134-5137.

[62] V.Yu.Bychenkov, J.Myatt, W.Rozmus, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Quasihydrodynamic description of ion acoustic waves in a collisional plasma. Phys. Plasmas, 1994, 1, N8, 2419-2429.

[63] V.Yu.Bychenkov and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Effect of anomalous resistivity on MHD wave damping. J. Geophys. Res., 1995, 100, A6, 9535-9538.

[64] V.T.Tikhonchuk, W.Rozmus, V.Yu.Bychenkov, C.Capjack, and E.Epperlein, Return current instability in laser heated plasmas. Phys. Plasmas, 1995, 2, N11, 4169 - 4173.

[65] V.Yu.Bychenkov, W.Rozmus, V.T.Tikhonchuk, and A.V.Brantov, Nonlocal electron transport in a plasma. Phys. Rev. Lett., 1995, 75, N24, 4405-4408.

[66] A.V.Brantov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.T.Tikhonchuk, and W.Rozmus, Nonlocal plasma electron hydrodynamics. JETP, 1996, 83, N4, 716-730.

[67] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.F.Kovalev, and V.V.Pustovalov, New solutions to the vortex electron anisotropic hydrodynamic equations for a Weibel plasma. Plasma Phys. Rep., 1996, 22, N12, 999-1003.

[68] V.Yu.Bychenkov, A.Yu.Romanov, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Generation of electromagnetic fields in collision dominated plasma created by x-ray pulse. Plasma Phys. Rep., 1996, 22, N12, 1017-1021.

[69] J.F.Myatt, W.Rozmus, V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.T.Tikhonchuk, Comments on Thomson scattering from collisional laser-plasmas. Comm. Plasma Phys. Contr. Fus., 1996, 17, N6, 331-339.

[70] V.Yu.Bychenkov and V.N.Novikov, Two-dimentional relaxation of Weibel plasma and magnetic structures formation. Plasma Phys. Rep., 1997, 23, N8, 671-677.

[71] V.Yu.Bychenkov, W.Rozmus, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Transverse electron susceptibility and the electromagnetic wave absorption in weakly collisional plasmas. Phys. Plasmas, 1997, 4, N12, 4205-4209.

[72] V.K.Senecha, A.V.Brantov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Temperature relaxation in hot spots in a laser produced plasma. Phys. Rev. E., 1998, 57, N1, 978-981.

[73] J.F.Myatt, W.Rozmus, V.Yu.Bychenkov, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Thomson scattering from ion acoustic waves in laser plasmas. Phys. Rev. E, 1998, 57, N3, 3383-3391.

[74] A.V.Brantov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Absorption of a short laser pulse of laser radiation in high-density plasma. Plasma Phys. Rep., 1998, 24, N4, 325-331.

[75] V.Yu.Bychenkov, Longitudinal permittivity of a collisional plasma. Plasma Phys. Rep., 1998, 24, N9, 801-803.

[76] V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.N.Novikov, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Theory of nonlocal transport for small perturbations in a plasma. JETP, 1998, 87, N11, 916-925.

[77] A.V.Brantov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.T.Tikhonchuk, and W.Rozmus, Nonlocal electron transport in laser heated plasmas. Phys. Plasmas, 1998, 5, N7, 2742-2753.

[78] V.A.Terekhin, E.V.Uvarov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, and V.F.Kovalev, Symmetry groups and invariant solutions to vortex electron anisotropic hydrodynamic equations. Plasma Phys. Rep., 1999, 25, N5, 409-419.

[79] A.V.Brantov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, V.T.Tikhonchuk, W.Rozmus, and V.K.Senecha, Plasma fluctuations driven by a randomized laser beam. Phys. Plasmas, 1999, 6, N8, 3002-3011.

[80] V.Yu.Bychenkov, A.I.Golubev, N.A.Ismailova, M.D.Kamchibekov, V.A. Terekhin, V.T.Tikhonchuk, and E.V.Uvarov, Single-mode magnetic structures in a plasma with anisotropic pressure. Plasma Phys. Rep., 2000, 26, N1, 54-61.

[81] V.Yu.Bychenkov, W.Rozmus, A.V.Brantov, and V.T.Tikhonchuk, Theory of filamentation instability and stimulated Brillouin scattering with nonlocal hydrodynamics. Phys. Plasmas, 2000, 7, N5, 1511-1519.

[82] A.V.Brantov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, W.Rozmus, Ion acoustic instability driven by a temperature gradient in laser-produced plasmas. Phys. Plasmas, 2001, 8, N8, 3558-3564.

[83] S.H.Glenzer, W.Rozmus, V.Yu.Bychenkov, J.D.Moody, J.Albritton, R.L.Berger, A.Brantov, M.E.Foord, B.J.MacGowan, R.K.Kirkwood, H.A.Baldis, and E.A.Williams, Anomalous absorption of high-energy green laser light in high-Z plasmas. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2002, 88, N23, 235002(1-4).

[84] V.Yu.Bychenkov, W.Rozmus, and R.Teshima, Self-similar solution to the Fokker-Planck equation in inhomogeneous plasma. Phys. Plasmas 2002, 9, N7, 2872-2875.

[85] O.V.Batishchev, V.Yu.Bychenkov, F.Detering, W.Rozmus, R.Sydora, C.E.Capjack, and V.N.Novikov, Heat transport and electron distribution function in laser produced plasmas with hot spots. Phys. Plasmas, 2002, 9, N5, 2302-2310.

[86] V.Yu.Bychenkov, W.Rozmus, C.E.Capjack, Single-mode nonlinear regime of Weibel instability in a plasma with anisotropic temperature. JETP Lett., 2003, 78, N3, 119-122.

[87] A.V.Brantov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, W.Rozmus, and R.Sydora, Linear theory of nonlocal transport in a magnetized plasma. Phys. Plasmas, 2003, 10, N12, 4633-4644.

[88] G.Gregori, S.H.Glenzer, J.Knight, C.Niemann, D.Price, D.H.Froula, M.J.Edwards, R.P.J.Town, A.Brantov, W.Rozmus, and V.Yu.Bychenkov, Effect of nonlocal transport on heat-wave propagation. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2004, 92, N20, 205006(1-4).

[89] S.G.Bochkarev, V.Yu.Bychenkov, W.Rozmus, Non-equilibrium electron distribution functions and nonlinear thermal transport. Phys. Plasmas, 2004, 11, N8, 3997-4007.

[90] A.V.Brantov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, W.Rozmus, and C.E.Capjack, Kinetic susceptibility and transport theory of collisional plasmas. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2004, 92, N12, 125002(1-4).

[91] D.V.Romanov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, W.Rozmus, C.E.Capjack, and R.Fedosejevs, 3D nonlinear evolution of the Weibel unstable plasma to a self-organized state. Phys. Rev. Lett., 2004, 93, N21, 215004(1-4).

[92] V.Yu.Bychenkov, A nonlinear single-mode structure in a plasma with anisotropic temperature. Plasma Phys. Rep., 2004, 30, N12, 1071–1074.

[93] A.V.Brantov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, O.V.Batishchev, and W.Rozmus, Nonlocal heat wave propagation due to skin layer plasma heating by short laser pulses. Comput. Phys. Commun., 2004, 164, N1-3, 67–72.

[94] F.Detering, W.Rozmus, A.Brantov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, C.E.Capjack, S.Huller, D.Pesme, and R.Sydora, Particle-in-cell simulations of heat flux driven ion acoustic instability. Phys. Plasmas, 2005, 12, N1, 012321(1-12).

[95] A.V.Brantov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, W.Rozmus, and C.E.Capjack, Permittivity of plasma and nonstationary theory of nonlocal transport. JETP, 2005, 100, N6, 1159–1174.

[96] S.I.Samarin, V.Yu.Bychenkov, N.A.Voronina, W.Rozmus, and R.Fedosejevs, Kinetic characterization of photoionized plasma evolution from FEL pulse interaction with gas jet. High Energy Density Phys., 2005, 1, N1, 13-20.

[97] V.Yu.Bychenkov, D.V.Romanov, W.Rozmus, C.E.Capjack, and R.Fedosejevs, Distinctive features of photoionized plasma from short x-ray pulse interaction with gaseous medium. Phys. Plasmas, 2006, 13, N1, 013101(1-10).

[98] A.V.Brantov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, and W.Rozmus, Relaxation of thermal perturbation in collisional plasma. Plasma Phys. Rep., 2006, 32, N4, 337--343.

[99] A.V.Brantov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, W.Rozmus, and C.E.Capjack, Dielectric function and electron transport in collisional plasma. IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, 2006, 34, N3, 738--754.

[100] I.A.Andriyash and V.Yu.Bychenkov, Dispersion properties of a plasma produced by a short x-ray pulse. Plasma Phys. Rep., 2006, 32, N7, 593–-600.

[101] V.Yu.Bychenkov, D.V.Romanov, S.I.Samarin, N.A.Voronina, W.Rozmus, C.E.Capjack, and R.Fedosejevs, Production of photoionized plasmas by the interaction of short FEL pulses with gaseous medium. J. Phys. IV France, 2006, 133, 1155-1160.

[102] R.D.Sydora, F.Detering, W.Rozmus, Y.Yu.Bychenkov, A.Brantov, and C.E.Capjack, Collisional particle simulation of ion acoustic instability. J. Plasma Physics, 2006, 72, N6, 1295--1298.

[103] I.A.Andriyash and V.Yu.Bychenkov, Photoionization two-stream instability in collisional plasma. Plasma Phys. Rep., 2007, 33, N12, 974--981.

[104] A.V.Brantov, V.Yu.Bychenkov, and W. Rozmus, Electron transport and permittivity in a plasma with an arbitrary ionic charge, JETP, 2008, 106, N5 983 -- 998.

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