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Main:  Neutron generators:  Research activities

  NEUTRON GENERATORS FOR RESEARCH ACTIVITIES  

ING-10          ING-12          ING-102          ING-103          ING-104          ING-105          ING-10

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  ING-10 vacuum neutron tube based pulse neutron generator  

Consists of neutron emission unit (tube module connected with high-voltage supply module), low-voltage supply & control unit, connection cables 25 m long.
 
 
ING-10
Technical characteristics:
Average neutron yield, n, neutron/pulse
1107
Neutron pulse width, s, not more
1.0
Neutron pulse repetition rate, f, Hz:
- in continuous emission mode
- in cyclic emission mode

up to 20
up to 50
Neutron background between neutron pulses
None
Producted neutron flux, F=nf, neutron/s
up to 5108
Tube module average operating lifetime*, pulse
1107
Power supply
mains 220 V,
50 Hz
Maximum power consumption, W
150
Dimensions, mm:
- neutron emission unit (tube module connected with high-voltage supply module)
- low-voltage supply and control unit


Ø34×1320
420×100×310
Maximum weight, kg:
- neutron emission unit (tube module connected with high-voltage supply module)
- low-voltage supply and control unit


2.5
4.7

* tube module is a replaceable part
 
  ING-12 vacuum neutron tube based pulse neutron generator  

Consists of neutron emission unit (tube module connected with high-voltage supply module), low-voltage supply & control unit, connection cables 25 m long.
 
 
ING-12
Technical characteristics:
Average neutron yield, n, neutron/pulse
3107
Neutron pulse width, s, not more
1.0
Neutron pulse repetition rate, f, Hz:
- in continuous emission mode
- in cyclic emission mode

up to 30
up to 100
Neutron background between neutron pulses
None
Producted neutron flux, F=nf, neutron/s
up to 2109
Tube module average operating lifetime*, pulse
1107
Power supply
mains 220 V,
50 Hz
Maximum power consumption, W
200
Dimensions, mm:
- neutron emission unit (tube module connected with high-voltage supply module)
- low-voltage supply and control unit


Ø49×1000
420×100×310
Maximum weight, kg:
- neutron emission unit (tube module connected with high-voltage supply module)
- low-voltage supply and control unit


3.5
4.7

* tube module is a replaceable part
 
  Plasma focus  
 
Plasma focus

Plasma focus (PF) is one of the most high-power and intensive sources of neutron radiation. PF is formed in chambers when discharge current of a certain amplitude and duration flows through gaseous atmosphere (generally the chamber volume is filled with deuterium or deuterium-tritium mixture). Short neutron and X-radiation pulses of about ten nanoseconds duration are generated while the PF forming.
Plasma focus generators operate in a single-activation mode with few-minute pauses.
 
Generator applications:   Features of equipment:
- thermonuclear fusion research;
- dynamic neutron diffraction analysis;
- activation analysis;
- X-ray photolithography;
- X-ray tomography;
- nuclear particle detector calibration;
- neutron and X-ray radiography;
- dynamic flaw detection;
- radiobiology and medicine;
- materials science.
  - point radiation source (2 - 3 mm diameter emitting area);
- transportability;
- easy to operate;
- capable of synchronizing with external sources;
- no radiation when the generator is turned off;
- complete package of design documentation;
- capable of operating in X-ray generation mode.

  ING-102 plasma focus chamber based pulse neutron generator  

Consists of current pulse generator with plasma focus chamber PF5-40, power supply unit, control unit, connection cables.
 
 
ING-102
Technical characteristics:
D-T neutron yield per pulse, neutron/pulse
5107
D-D neutron yield per pulse, neutron/pulse
5105
Yield relative root-mean square deviation from average, %
35
Neutron pulse duration at half maximum emission intensity, ns
10
Chamber operating lifetime (number of activations)*, at least
1 000
Generator operating lifetime (number of activations), at least
10 000
Interval between single activations, min
3
Operating temperature range, C
from -10 to +50
Power supply
mains 220 V, 50 Hz
Power consumption, W
50
Dimensions, mm
366×383×566
Current pulse generator weight, kg
27
Power supply unit weight, kg
8

* chamber is a replaceable part and it may be replaced in 5 minutes
 
  ING-103 plasma focus chamber based pulse neutron generator  

Consists of current pulse generator with plasma focus chamber PF7, control unit, connection cables.
 
 
ING-103
Technical characteristics:
D-T neutron yield per pulse, neutron/pulse
11010
D-D neutron yield per pulse, neutron/pulse
1108
Yield relative root-mean square deviation from average, %
35
Neutron pulse duration at half maximum emission intensity, ns
20
Chamber operating lifetime (number of activations)*, at least
1 000
Generator operating lifetime (number of activations), at least
10 000
Interval between single activations, min
5
Operating temperature range, C
from -10 to +50
Power supply
mains 220 V, 50 Hz
Power consumption, W
100
Dimensions, mm
600×400×1350
Weight, kg
250

* chamber is a replaceable part and it may be replaced in 5 minutes
 
  ING-104 plasma focus chamber based pulse neutron generator  

Consists of current pulse generator with plasma focus chamber PF9, control unit, connection cables.
 
 
ING-104
Technical characteristics:
D-T neutron yield per pulse, neutron/pulse
11011
D-D neutron yield per pulse, neutron/pulse
1109
Yield relative root-mean square deviation from average, %
35
Neutron pulse duration at half maximum emission intensity, ns
30
Chamber operating lifetime (number of activations)*, at least
400
Generator operating lifetime (number of activations), at least
2 000
Interval between single activations, min
10
Operating temperature range, C
from -10 to +50
Power supply
mains 220 V, 50 Hz
Power consumption, W
200
Dimensions, mm
900×1100×1400
Weight, kg
500

* chamber is a replaceable part and it may be replaced in 5 minutes
 
  ING-105 plasma focus chamber based pulse neutron generator  

Consists of current pulse generator with plasma focus chamber PF3, control unit, connection cables.
 
 
ING-105
Technical characteristics:
D-T neutron yield per pulse, neutron/pulse
11012
D-D neutron yield per pulse, neutron/pulse
11010
Yield relative root-mean square deviation from average, %
20
Neutron pulse duration at half maximum emission intensity, ns
50
Chamber operating lifetime (number of activations)*, at least
200
Generator operating lifetime (number of activations), at least
1 000
Interval between single activations, min
10
Operating temperature range, C
from -10 to +50
Power supply
mains 220 V, 50 Hz
Power consumption, W
500
Dimensions, mm
1700×2000×1500
Weight, kg
900

* chamber is a replaceable part and it may be replaced in 5 minutes
 
  ING-10K vacuum neutron tube based pulse neutron generator  

Pulsed neutron generator ING-10K is designed for the Moon and the Solar System planets surfaces exploration to detect water in the soil using nuclear-physical method.
The generator was installed on board the NASA Curiosity Mars Science Laboratory (MSL), which was launched to Mars on November 26, 2011, and landed on Mars on August 6, 2012.
It is planned to send ING-10K neutron generator on board the Russian and foreign spacecrafts to explore the Moon and Venus surfaces.
 
 
ING-10K
Generator ING-10K deployed
on the NASA Mars rover
Technical characteristics:
Neutron energy, MeV
14
Average neutron yield per pulse, neutron/pulse, at least:
- at the beginning of lifetime
- at the end of lifetime

1107
4106
Operating lifetime, at least
107 pulses during 3 years
Operating mode
frequency up to 10 Hz and single activations
Operating temperature range, C
from -40 to +50 *
Maximum power consumption, W
14
Dimensions, mm
330×120×45
Maximum weight, kg
2,8

* corresponds to seasonal and daily temperature variations on Mars surface
 
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